Mechanical properties of poly(butylene succinate) composites with aligned cellulose-acetate nanofibers

Naruki Kurokawa, Shunta Kimura, Atsushi Hotta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanical properties of poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) were significantly enhanced by compounding cellulose-acetate (CA) nanofibers (CA-NF) to form CA/PBS composites. PBS has a great potential as an alternative material to other widely-used polyolefins such as polyethylene and polypropylene made from petroleum. PBS is especially well-known for its biodegradability, but the mechanical property of PBS was not sufficient as a commercial product for industrial applications. In this study, in order to enhance the mechanical property of PBS, a nanofiber made of CA was selected as a reinforcing material for the PBS composite. CA-NF were successfully synthesized using the 20 wt % CA solution with acetone/N,N-dimethylformamide (6/4 wt/wt) by electrospinning. The CA/PBS composites were then fabricated by mixing aligned or non-aligned (random) CA-NF. The highly oriented CA-NF were obtained using a rotating collector at the rotating speed of 430 m/min. The cross-sectional micrographs of the CA/PBS composites indicated that the electrospun CA-NF had good compatibility with the PBS matrix. The mechanical properties of the CA/PBS composites were investigated by tensile testing. It was found that the Young's moduli of the composites with the aligned CA-NF were higher than those of the composites with the random CA-NF.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

Nanofibers
Cellulose
Mechanical properties
Composite materials
bionole
acetylcellulose
Dimethylformamide
Polypropylenes
Biodegradability
Polyolefins
Tensile testing
Petroleum
Electrospinning
Polyethylene
Acetone
Industrial applications
Polyethylenes
Crude oil
Elastic moduli

Keywords

  • Composites
  • Electrospinning
  • Fibers
  • Mechanical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Mechanical properties of poly(butylene succinate) composites with aligned cellulose-acetate nanofibers",
abstract = "The mechanical properties of poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) were significantly enhanced by compounding cellulose-acetate (CA) nanofibers (CA-NF) to form CA/PBS composites. PBS has a great potential as an alternative material to other widely-used polyolefins such as polyethylene and polypropylene made from petroleum. PBS is especially well-known for its biodegradability, but the mechanical property of PBS was not sufficient as a commercial product for industrial applications. In this study, in order to enhance the mechanical property of PBS, a nanofiber made of CA was selected as a reinforcing material for the PBS composite. CA-NF were successfully synthesized using the 20 wt {\%} CA solution with acetone/N,N-dimethylformamide (6/4 wt/wt) by electrospinning. The CA/PBS composites were then fabricated by mixing aligned or non-aligned (random) CA-NF. The highly oriented CA-NF were obtained using a rotating collector at the rotating speed of 430 m/min. The cross-sectional micrographs of the CA/PBS composites indicated that the electrospun CA-NF had good compatibility with the PBS matrix. The mechanical properties of the CA/PBS composites were investigated by tensile testing. It was found that the Young's moduli of the composites with the aligned CA-NF were higher than those of the composites with the random CA-NF.",
keywords = "Composites, Electrospinning, Fibers, Mechanical properties",
author = "Naruki Kurokawa and Shunta Kimura and Atsushi Hotta",
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AU - Kimura, Shunta

AU - Hotta, Atsushi

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N2 - The mechanical properties of poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) were significantly enhanced by compounding cellulose-acetate (CA) nanofibers (CA-NF) to form CA/PBS composites. PBS has a great potential as an alternative material to other widely-used polyolefins such as polyethylene and polypropylene made from petroleum. PBS is especially well-known for its biodegradability, but the mechanical property of PBS was not sufficient as a commercial product for industrial applications. In this study, in order to enhance the mechanical property of PBS, a nanofiber made of CA was selected as a reinforcing material for the PBS composite. CA-NF were successfully synthesized using the 20 wt % CA solution with acetone/N,N-dimethylformamide (6/4 wt/wt) by electrospinning. The CA/PBS composites were then fabricated by mixing aligned or non-aligned (random) CA-NF. The highly oriented CA-NF were obtained using a rotating collector at the rotating speed of 430 m/min. The cross-sectional micrographs of the CA/PBS composites indicated that the electrospun CA-NF had good compatibility with the PBS matrix. The mechanical properties of the CA/PBS composites were investigated by tensile testing. It was found that the Young's moduli of the composites with the aligned CA-NF were higher than those of the composites with the random CA-NF.

AB - The mechanical properties of poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) were significantly enhanced by compounding cellulose-acetate (CA) nanofibers (CA-NF) to form CA/PBS composites. PBS has a great potential as an alternative material to other widely-used polyolefins such as polyethylene and polypropylene made from petroleum. PBS is especially well-known for its biodegradability, but the mechanical property of PBS was not sufficient as a commercial product for industrial applications. In this study, in order to enhance the mechanical property of PBS, a nanofiber made of CA was selected as a reinforcing material for the PBS composite. CA-NF were successfully synthesized using the 20 wt % CA solution with acetone/N,N-dimethylformamide (6/4 wt/wt) by electrospinning. The CA/PBS composites were then fabricated by mixing aligned or non-aligned (random) CA-NF. The highly oriented CA-NF were obtained using a rotating collector at the rotating speed of 430 m/min. The cross-sectional micrographs of the CA/PBS composites indicated that the electrospun CA-NF had good compatibility with the PBS matrix. The mechanical properties of the CA/PBS composites were investigated by tensile testing. It was found that the Young's moduli of the composites with the aligned CA-NF were higher than those of the composites with the random CA-NF.

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