The first mechanistic insight into 2-thiosugar production in an angucycline-type antibiotic, BE-7585A, is reported. d-Glucose 6-phosphate was identified as the substrate for the putative thiosugar biosynthetic protein, BexX, by trapping the covalently bonded enzyme-substrate intermediate. The site-specific modification at K110 residue was determined by mutagenesis studies and LC-MS/MS analysis. A key intermediate carrying a keto functionality was confirmed to exist in the enzyme-substrate complex. These results suggest that the sulfur insertion mechanism in 2-thiosugar biosynthesis shares similarities with that for thiamin biosynthesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry