Meniscus and beam halo formation in a tandem-type negative ion source with surface production

K. Miyamoto, S. Okuda, A. Hatayama

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A meniscus of plasma-beam boundary in H - ion sources largely affects the extracted H - ion beam optics. Although it is hypothesized that the shape of the meniscus is one of the main reasons for the beam halo observed in experiments, a physical mechanism of the beam halo formation is not yet fully understood. In this letter, it is first shown by the 2D particle in cell simulation that the H - ions extracted from the periphery of the meniscus cause a beam halo since the surface produced H - ions penetrate into the bulk plasma, and, thus, the resultant meniscus has a relatively large curvature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number233507
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 4


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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