Mental health of Japanese psychiatrists: The relationship among level of occupational stress, satisfaction and depressive symptoms

Akihiro Koreki, Atsuo Nakagawa, Akiko Abe, Hidetsugu Ikeuchi, Jo Okubo, Atsushi Oguri, Keisuke Orimo, Nariko Katayama, Hiroyo Sato, Ryo Shikimoto, Go Nishiyama, Waka Nogami, Kazuma Haki, Tetsuro Hayashi, Yuko Fukagawa, Kei Funaki, Mia Matsuzawa, Ayako Matsumoto, Masaru Mimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Psychiatrists in clinical practice face a number of stressors related to patient care, such as overwork. On the other hand, they gain satisfaction from their work. We quantified and assessed the potential relationship between levels of occupational stress, satisfaction, and depressive symptoms among Japanese clinical psychiatrists. We surveyed 206 psychiatrists with up to 15 years of clinical experience who primarily worked in patient care. Levels of occupational stress and occupational satisfaction were measured using the Visual Analogue Scale and the level of depressive symptoms was measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Workplace stressors and satisfiers were also evaluated. Results: Out of 206 psychiatrists, 154 (74.8%) responded to the survey. The respondents' mean (SD) age was 34.3 (5.2) years. The estimated prevalence of significant depressive symptoms was 34.4% (n=53), and the experienced frequent violence was 14.9% (n=23). The level of depressive symptoms was inversely correlated with the level of occupational satisfaction. In respondents who reported a moderate level of occupational stress, having fewer depressive symptoms was associated with higher occupational satisfaction, but this association was not significant in those who reported a high level of stress. In addition, high occupational satisfaction was associated with interest towards work content, ability to work at one's discretion, opportunities for growth and career development, and ease of communication with supervisors and colleagues. Conclusions: Nearly one-third of the psychiatrists screened positive for significant depressive symptoms. Having fewer depressive symptoms was associated with higher occupational satisfaction in those who reported a moderate level of stress. Implications from the present findings may be to enhance occupational satisfaction by discussing work interests with a supervisor, as well as increased opportunities for career development, which may prevent depression among psychiatrists.

Original languageEnglish
Article number96
JournalBMC Research Notes
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 26

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Occupational satisfaction
  • Resilience
  • Stress
  • Workplace

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Koreki, A., Nakagawa, A., Abe, A., Ikeuchi, H., Okubo, J., Oguri, A., Orimo, K., Katayama, N., Sato, H., Shikimoto, R., Nishiyama, G., Nogami, W., Haki, K., Hayashi, T., Fukagawa, Y., Funaki, K., Matsuzawa, M., Matsumoto, A., & Mimura, M. (2015). Mental health of Japanese psychiatrists: The relationship among level of occupational stress, satisfaction and depressive symptoms. BMC Research Notes, 8(1), [96]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-015-1054-7