Metabolome analysis using capillary electrophoresis (CE) coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) has the potential to improve coverage of metabolite detection because of its high selectivity and sensitivity. Configuration of the interface between CE and HRMS to meet the ground connection is essential for enabling independent regulation of the electrical currents in the CE and electrospray field. In the present study, we applied an electrospray-ionization adapter equipped with a grounded nebulizer to CE-HRMS and tested the analytical performance for 34 charged compounds. The extracted-ion electropherograms, consisting of seven sets of isomers, showed reasonable peak shapes and separation for the annotation of each metabolite. The levels of 34 target analytes in a standard mixture were determined with a dynamic range of at least 102, maintaining linearity with r2 > 0.9. The repeatability and intermediate precision above the lower limit of quantification showed the relative standard deviation to be lower than 20%. In the spike-recovery experiment, 27 of the 34 metabolites in plasma extract were recovered at a rate of 80 to 120%, suggesting high accuracy. Furthermore, we assessed the feasibility of our platform in metabolome analysis using human-plasma extract. The results showed successful detection of 270 metabolites, indicating the potential of our platform to yield higher coverage of the metabolome. In addition, analysis of dilution integrity demonstrated the quantitative ability of metabolome analysis with CE-HRMS, although the existence of saturation or matrix effects were seen in the case of 33 of the metabolites. This study indicates that our platform has great potential for large-scale metabolome analysis of plasma for biological studies and clinical biomarker screening.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry