Microbial kinetics of β-lactam antibiotics against Escherichia coli

A. Tsuji, S. Hamano, T. Asano, E. Nakashima, T. Yamana, S. Mitsuhashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microbial kinetics of Escherichia coli NIHJ JC-2 and E. coli B/r were investigated in the presence of β-lactam antibiotics. To maintain a constant drug concentration during the experiment, a novel technique, using a dialysis membrane tube containing the drug solution, was successfully employed. The drug-affected generation curves of E. coli exhibited common features. After the addition of drug, an apparent lag period was noted, followed by a first-order decrease of the sensitive organisms and, 6 h later, by a regrowth of resistant organisms, depending on the antibiotic concentration used. The relationship between the apparent generation rate constant, k(app), and the antibiotic concentration was found to be nonlinear. This phenomenon is consistent with a saturable receptor site model for the drug action. A good linear free energy relationship was observed between the microbial kinetic parameter, k(max), and the alkaline degradation rate constants, k(OH), of the cephalosporins studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1418-1422
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume73
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

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Lactams
Escherichia coli
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Kinetics
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Rate constants
Dialysis membranes
Cephalosporins
Kinetic parameters
Application programs
Free energy
Dialysis
Degradation
Membranes
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

Cite this

Tsuji, A., Hamano, S., Asano, T., Nakashima, E., Yamana, T., & Mitsuhashi, S. (1984). Microbial kinetics of β-lactam antibiotics against Escherichia coli. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 73(10), 1418-1422.

Microbial kinetics of β-lactam antibiotics against Escherichia coli. / Tsuji, A.; Hamano, S.; Asano, T.; Nakashima, E.; Yamana, T.; Mitsuhashi, S.

In: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 73, No. 10, 1984, p. 1418-1422.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsuji, A, Hamano, S, Asano, T, Nakashima, E, Yamana, T & Mitsuhashi, S 1984, 'Microbial kinetics of β-lactam antibiotics against Escherichia coli', Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 73, no. 10, pp. 1418-1422.
Tsuji A, Hamano S, Asano T, Nakashima E, Yamana T, Mitsuhashi S. Microbial kinetics of β-lactam antibiotics against Escherichia coli. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 1984;73(10):1418-1422.
Tsuji, A. ; Hamano, S. ; Asano, T. ; Nakashima, E. ; Yamana, T. ; Mitsuhashi, S. / Microbial kinetics of β-lactam antibiotics against Escherichia coli. In: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 1984 ; Vol. 73, No. 10. pp. 1418-1422.
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