Microbiomes of the normal middle ear and ears with chronic otitis media

Shujiro B. Minami, Hideki Mutai, Tomoko Suzuki, Arata Horii, Naoki Oishi, Koichiro Wasano, Motoyasu Katsura, Fujinobu Tanaka, Tetsuya Takiguchi, Masato Fujii, Kimitaka Kaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to profile and compare the middle ear microbiomes of human subjects with and without chronic otitis media. Study Design: Prospective multicenter cohort study. Methods: All consecutive patients undergoing tympanoplasty surgery for chronic otitis media or ear surgery for conditions other than otitis media were recruited. Sterile swab samples were collected from the middle ear mucosa during surgery. The variable region 4 of the 16S rRNA gene in each sample were amplified using region-specific primers adapted for the Illumina MiSeq sequencer (Illumina, CA, USA)). The sequences were subjected to local blast and classified using Metagenome@KIN (World Fusion, Tokyo, Japan). Results: In total, 155 participants were recruited from seven medical centers. Of these, 88 and 67 had chronic otitis media and normal middle ears, respectively. The most abundant bacterial phyla on the mucosal surfaces of the normal middle ears were Proteobacteria, followed by Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, and Bacteroidetes. The children and adults with normal middle ears differed significantly in terms of middle ear microbiomes. Subjects with chronic otitis media without active inflammation (dry ear) had similar middle ear microbiomes as the normal middle ears group. Subjects with chronic otitis media with active inflammation (wet ear) had a lower prevalence of Proteobacteria and a higher prevalence of Firmicutes than the normal middle ears. Conclusion: The human middle ear is inhabited by more diverse microbial communities than was previously thought. Alteration of the middle ear microbiome may contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic otitis media with active inflammation. Level of Evidence: 2b. Laryngoscope, 127:E371–E377, 2017.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E371-E377
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume127
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct

Keywords

  • 16S rRNA
  • cholesteatoma
  • tympanic cavity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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