We describe a microfiber-shaped hepatic tissue for in vitro macroscopic tissue assembly, fabricated using a double coaxial microfluidic device and composed of cocultured Hep-G2 cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The appropriate coculture conditions for Hep-G2 cells and HUVECs in the microfiber-shaped tissue were optimized by changing the thickness of the core and the cell ratio. The HUVEC networks were formed in the microfiber-shaped tissue following culture for 3 days. Using this microfiber-shaped tissue as a building block, two types of macroscopic assembled tissues were constructed - parallel and reeled tissues. In both tissue types, the connection of the HUVEC network across the adjacent microfiber-shaped tissues was established after 2 days, because the calcium alginate shell of the microfiber-shaped tissue was enzymatically removed. Our approach could facilitate the generation of complex and heterogeneous macroscopic tissues mimicking the major organs including the liver, kidney, and heart for the treatment of critically ill patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering