Microgrooving of a single-crystal diamond tool using a picosecond pulsed laser and some cutting tests

Nozomi Takayama, Jun Ishizuka, Jiwang Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Irradiation of a single-crystal diamond tool was performed with a picosecond pulsed laser to produce a tool with a microgrooved edge. This tool was then used in a metal cutting process to transfer the edge grooves onto a workpiece. Suitable conditions for laser irradiation on the diamond tool were experimentally investigated in terms of groove shape and laser-induced damage to diamond. Two different kinds of cutting experiments were performed; a uniformly grooved surface and a hierarchically structured surface were obtained. The chip formation mechanisms in the metal grooving process were examined. A copper workpiece was rapidly machined the surface of which had microgrooves with a pitch of a few micrometers. An increase of the contact angle was observed on the grooved surface, indicating the improvement of water repellency. This study presents an efficient method to machine microgrooves on metal materials for functional surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-262
Number of pages11
JournalPrecision Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul


  • Functional surface
  • Groove formation
  • Laser processing
  • Metal cutting
  • Micromachining
  • Single-crystal diamond
  • Structured surface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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