### Abstract

We consider the minimum-cost b-edge dominating set problem. This is a generalization of the edge dominating set problem, but the computational complexity for trees is an astonishing open problem. We make steps toward the resolution of this open problem in the following three directions. (1) We give the first combinatorial polynomial-time algorithm for paths. Prior to our work, the polynomial-time algorithm for paths used linear programming, and it was known that the linearprogramming approach could not be extended to trees. Thus, our algorithm would yield an alternative approach to a possible polynomial-time algorithm for trees. (2) We give a fixed-parameter algorithm for trees with the number of leaves as a parameter. Thus, a possible NP-hardness proof for trees should make use of trees with unbounded number of leaves. (3) We give a fully polynomial-time approximation scheme for trees. Prior to our work, the best known approximation factor was two. If the problem is NP-hard, then a possible proof cannot be done via a gap-preserving reduction from any APX-hard problem unless P = NP.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Algorithms and Computation - 25th International Symposium, ISAAC 2014, Proceedings |

Editors | Hee-Kap Ahn, Chan-Su Shin |

Publisher | Springer Verlag |

Pages | 195-207 |

Number of pages | 13 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9783319130743 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2014 Jan 1 |

Externally published | Yes |

### Publication series

Name | Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) |
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Volume | 8889 |

ISSN (Print) | 0302-9743 |

ISSN (Electronic) | 1611-3349 |

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Theoretical Computer Science
- Computer Science(all)

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## Cite this

*Algorithms and Computation - 25th International Symposium, ISAAC 2014, Proceedings*(pp. 195-207). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 8889). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-13075-0_16