Minimum-time attitude maneuver and robust attitude control of small satellite mounted with data relay communication antenna

Kota Mori, Masaki Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper proposes a nonlinear control method for carrying out Minimum-time satellite attitude maneuver and antenna motion which have robustness against model uncertainty. In recent years, small Earth observation satellites have been utilized and expected to maneuver rapidly in missions such as multi-target acquisition. On the other hand, small satellites need to send the observation data to ground station. Recently, small Earth observation satellites acquire high-resolution data, resulting in an increase in the time required for data communication. Thus, small satellites need to use inter-orbit communication link through Data Relay test satellite sending data from Data Relay communication (DRC) antenna. In conventional operations, the antenna motion is implemented after satellite attitude maneuver. However, this method has a time delay between the completion of the attitude maneuver and the start of data communication. The purpose of this study is to extend the time of earth observation and data communication by carrying out satellite maneuver and antenna motion concurrently. Because small satellite mounted with DRC antenna has large mass ratio of the antenna, we cannot ignore time variability of the moment of inertia of the whole system and reaction torque generated by antenna motion. Hence, in order to take the influence of the antenna motion into consideration, we combine a satellite attitude control system and an antenna drive system into one control system by governing equations and constructing the optimal control problem. We convert the optimal control problem into a NLP by discretizing the control input (a series of pulses) to minimize the final time of the total maneuver that includes the antenna adjustment. In addition, it is considered that a model uncertainty and unknown disturbance occurs in real space. Thus, we have to design feedback controller to secure robustness in model error and unknown disturbance. Accordingly in order to propose a nonlinear control method for carrying out minimum-time satellite attitude maneuver and antenna motion which have robustness against model uncertainty and unknown disturbance, we calculate a reference attitude by application of optimal control input torque to ideal satellite model and design servo controller by using state-dependent Riccati equation (SDRE) control method in order to track time-variant reference attitude.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1001
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Attitude control
  • Data relay communication antenna
  • Minimum-time
  • Nonlinear programming problem
  • Nonlinear servomechanism
  • Robust control
  • Small satellite
  • State-dependent Riccati equation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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