Mobility inhibition and nematocidal activity of asarone and related phenylpropanoids on second-stage larvae of Toxocara canis

N. Sugimoto, Y. Goto, N. Akao, Fumiyuki Kiuchi, K. Kondo, Y. Tsuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The in vitro effect of asarone, the nematocidal principle of the rhizome of Acorus calamus, on second-stage larvae of Toxocara cams is composed of two independent actions: one is a fast acting inhibition of the larval mobility and the other is a slow acting larvicidal action. Mobility of the larvae was rapidly inhibited when they were incubated with asarone. Dye exclusion assay revealed that larvae were alive at this stage, and their mobility was restored after the first inhibition, suggesting that this effect was temporary and reversible. However, when the mobility decreased again during prolonged incubation, the cellular viability of larvae disappeared, showing that they were killed by the compound. The above two-stage effect of asarone was almost identical in two geometrical isomers ((E)- and (Z)-asarone). Di- and tri-methoxypropenyl or propylbenzenes carrying two methoxy groups at a vicinal position on a benzene ring showed, more or less, a two-stage effect of this type. These two actions were suggested to be separable by an appropriate modification of the structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-609
Number of pages5
JournalBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Volume18
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Toxocara canis
Larva
Acorus
Toxocara
Rhizome
Benzene
Coloring Agents
asarone

Keywords

  • Asarone
  • Mobility inhibition
  • Nematocidal activity
  • Phenylpropanoid
  • Structure-activity relationship
  • Toxocara canis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

Mobility inhibition and nematocidal activity of asarone and related phenylpropanoids on second-stage larvae of Toxocara canis. / Sugimoto, N.; Goto, Y.; Akao, N.; Kiuchi, Fumiyuki; Kondo, K.; Tsuda, Y.

In: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, Vol. 18, No. 4, 1995, p. 605-609.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kondo, K.

AU - Tsuda, Y.

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