Modelling and simulation of dynamic recrystallisation based on multi-phase-field and dislocation-based crystal plasticity models

Sho Kujirai, Kazuyuki Shizawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The mechanical properties of metals used as structural materials are significantly affected by hot (or warm) plastic working. Therefore, it is industrially important to predict the microscopic behaviour of materials in the deformation process during heat treatment. In this process, a number of nuclei are generated in the vicinity of grain boundaries owing to thermal fluctuation or the coalescence of subgrains, and dynamic recrystallisation (DRX) occurs along with the deformation. In this paper, we develop a DRX model by coupling a dislocation-based crystal plasticity model and a multi-phase-field (MPF) model through the dislocation density. Then, the temperature dependence of the hardening tendency in the recrystallisation process is introduced into the DRX model. A multiphysics simulation for pure Ni is conducted, and then the validity of the DRX model is investigated by comparing the numerical results of microstructure formation and the nominal stress–strain curve during DRX with experimental results. The obtained results indicate that in the process of DRX, nucleation and grain growth occur mainly around grain boundaries with high dislocation density. As deformation progresses, new dislocations pile up and subsequent nucleation occurs in the recrystallised grains. The influence of such microstructural evolution appears as oscillation in the stress–strain curve. From the stress–strain curves, the temperature dependence in DRX is observed mainly in terms of the yield stress, the hardening ratio, and the change in the hardening tendency after nucleation occurs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2106-2127
Number of pages22
JournalPhilosophical Magazine
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 17


  • Multi-phase-field model
  • dislocations
  • numerical simulation
  • phase transitions
  • plasticity of metals
  • recrystallization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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