Collagen synthesis in vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) after exposure to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) was investigated using a culture system. The synthesis of collagenase-digestible proteins (CDP) and noncollagenous proteins (NCP) was evaluated by the [3H]proline incorporation. It was shown that TNF-α markedly suppresses the incorporation of [3H]proline into both CDP and NCP in confluent cultures of SMCs but not in sparse cultures of the cells. Such a marked suppression by TNF-α was not observed in confluent bovine aortic endothelial cells and human fibroblastic IMR-90 cells. In confluent SMCs, the synthesis of CDP was more strongly inhibited by TNF-α than that of NCP. When the CDP synthesis was stimulated by transforming growth factor beta, TNF-α suppressed the stimulation in both confluent and sparse SMCs. Human SMCs synthesized types I, III, IV and V collagens; TNF-α markedly decreased the relative proportion of types IV and V. It was therefore suggested that TNF-α modulates the collagen synthesis by SMCs depending on their cell density and modifies the formation of atherosclerotic lesions.
- Tumor necrosis factor alpha
- Vascular smooth muscle cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)