In macrophages and monocytes, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) triggers the production of pro-inflammatory cytokine through Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4. Although major TLR signalling pathways are mediated by serine or threonine kinases including IKK, TAK1, p38 and JNKs, a number of reports suggested that tyrosine phosphorylation of intracellular proteins is involved in LPS signalling. Here, we identified several tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins using mass spectrometric analysis in response to LPS stimulation. Among these proteins, we characterized C-terminal Src kinase (Csk), which negatively regulates Src-like kinases in RAW 264.7 cells using RNAi knockdown technology. Unexpectedly, LPS-induced CD40 activation and the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokine such as IL-6 and TNF-α, was down-regulated in Csk knockdown cells. Furthermore, overall cellular tyrosine phosphorylation and TLR4-mediated activation of IκB-α, Erk and p38 but not of JNK, were also down-regulated in Csk knockdown cells. The protein expression levels of a tyrosine kinase, Fgr, were reduced in Csk knockdown cells, suggesting that Csk is a critical regulator of TLR4-mediated signalling by modifying the levels of Src-like kinases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology