Signal-transducing adaptor protein-2 (STAP-2) is a recently identified adaptor protein that contains pleckstrin and Src homology 2-like domains as well as a YXXQ motif in its C-terminal region. Our previous studies have demonstrated that STAP-2 binds to STAT3 and STAT5, and regulates their signaling pathways. In the present study, STAP-2 was found to positively regulate LPS/TLR4-mediated signals in macrophages. Disruption of STAP-2 resulted in impaired LPS/TLR4-induced cytokine production and NF-κB activation. Conversely, overexpression of STAP-2 enhanced these LPS/TLR4-induced biological activities. STAP-2, particularly its Src homology 2-like domain, bound to both MyD88 and IκB kinase (IKK)-αβ, but not TNFR-associated factor 6 or IL-1R-associated kinase 1, and formed a functional complex composed of MyD88-STAP-2-IKK-αβ. These interactions augmented MyD88- and/or IKK-αβ-dependent signals, leading to enhancement of the NF-κB activity. These results demonstrate that STAP-2 may constitute an alternative LPS/TLR4 pathway for NF-κB activation instead of the TNFR-associated factor 6-IL-1R-associated kinase 1 pathway.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy