The multifarious functions of sex steroid receptors include a role as regulatory factors for bone and mineral metabolism in vivo. These functions are more complex than originally assumed. The finding of nuclear receptors in osseous tissue alludes to the existence of novel indirect and direct functions of bone tissue beyond skeletal support, hematopoiesis, and calcium homeostasis. Cell-specific gene targeting approaches are an extremely important technology for future studies that will need to be conducted to fully understand the molecular mechanisms underlying bone formation and metabolism.
- Androgen receptor
- Estrogen receptor
- Sex steroid hormone
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine