Monte Carlo Study on the Nuclear Magnetic Ordering in Scandium Crystal: Possibility of a Ferrimagnetic State

Yoshiharu Kanegae, Yoji Ohashi, Hiroaki Ikeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Nuclear magnetic ordering is investigated in scandium crystal by the Monte Carlo simulation. We determine the phase diagram in the ground state with respect to interactions between the nuclear spins. In this phase diagram, we find a ferrimagnetic state with the total magnetization being smaller than the complete ferromagnetism by 1/3: This state changes into the ferromagnetism at a finite external magnetic field, which leads to a threefold jump in the magnetization as was observed by the experiment. Thus, this state is a strong candidate for the nuclear magnetic ordering in scandium below T ≲ 2[μK].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2366-2372
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jul
Externally publishedYes



  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Nuclear magnetic ordering
  • Phase diagram
  • Scandium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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