Morphological design of zinc oxide films grown in aqueous solutions

Junko Yahiro, Hiroaki Imai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The morphology of wurtzite-type zinc oxide (ZnO) grown from an aqueous solution was successfully controlled by addition of phosphate ions and various organic molecules having carboxy groups. Basically, array of hexagonal needles with a diameter of 50-100 nm was grown on a substrate in the absence of the additives. Hexagonal plates were perpendicularly arranged on the substrate by the adsorption of citric, tartaric and maleic acids. The presence of phosphate ions induced an open cellular structures consisting of zinc oxide nanosheets. Densely packed columns and bundles consisting of nanoscale fibrous crystals were produced by the addition of bulky dye molecules, such as phenolphthalein. The influence of the dye molecules depended on pH of the solution. The morphological variation of ZnO films was ascribed to the selective adsorption of the anionic species on the basal and prism planes of the wurtzite structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-158
Number of pages4
JournalKey Engineering Materials
Volume320
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Zinc Oxide
Zinc oxide
Oxide films
Molecules
Phosphates
Coloring Agents
Dyes
Phenolphthalein
Ions
Adsorption
Nanosheets
Substrates
Prisms
Citric Acid
Needles
Crystals
Acids

Keywords

  • Crystal growth
  • Nanorod
  • Nanosheet
  • Semiconducting Oxide
  • Zinc oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Morphological design of zinc oxide films grown in aqueous solutions. / Yahiro, Junko; Imai, Hiroaki.

In: Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 320, 2006, p. 155-158.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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