Mortality risk in current and new antipsychotic Alzheimer's disease users: Large scale Japanese study

Heii Arai, Yu Nakamura, Masamoto Taguchi, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Keita Yamauchi, Lon S. Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction We studied the mortality risk of long term and new antipsychotic drug use in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients in Japan to determine improved treatment protocols. Methods This 24-week prospective cohort study included 10,079 Japanese AD patients (female, 69%; average age, 81 years) under routine clinical care in 357 medical sites. The antipsychotic medication history was varied (63.7% were long-term users). Mortality rates and odds ratio were analyzed (initial 10 weeks and from 11–24 weeks). Results The antipsychotic exposed group with shorter treatment periods had a higher mortality risk compared to controls. The newly prescribed users (antipsychotic treatment started during the follow-up) showed increased mortality (9.4% during the 11–24 week period). Conclusions New use of antipsychotic drugs represents a distinct risk for mortality; those on long-term antipsychotic therapy seem to be at less risk. The warning issued 10 years earlier on antipsychotics use for AD patients should be reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)823-830
Number of pages8
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 1

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Antipsychotics
  • Dementia
  • Mortality risk
  • Prospective cohort study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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