Mouse embryonic stem cells give rise to gut-like morphogenesis, including intestinal stem cells, in the embryoid body model

Noriyoshi Konuma, Kumiko Wakabayashi, Taro Matsumoto, Yoshiaki Kusumi, Takayuki Masuko, Yuji Iribe, Masako Mitsumata, Hideyuki Okano, Takeshi Kusafuka, Hideo Mugishima

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Embryonic stem (ES) cells have been proposed as candidates for cell replacement therapy in patients with intestinal failure because these cells can be expanded indefinitely without losing their pluripotent phenotype. We investigated the differentiation capacity of mouse ES cells into gut-like structures, including intestinal stem cells, and defined culture conditions for efficient induction of formation of these structures. ES cell-derived gut-like structures (ES-guts) were reproducibly induced in developing embryoid bodies (EBs) by day 21 of differentiation culture. ES-guts contained an endodermal epithelium, a smooth muscle layer, interstitial cells of Cajal, and enteric neurons and showed spontaneous contraction. Transplantation of ES-guts under the kidney capsules of immunodeficient mice induced formation of highly differentiated epithelium composed of absorptive cells and goblet cells in the grafts. Immunoreactivity for Musashi-1 (Msi-1), a marker of intestinal stem cells, was detected in 1.9% of the columnar epithelial cells in the graft. Culture with 0.1% dimethyl sulfoxide increased the numbers of ES-guts in EBs, and serum-replacement (SR) culture, in comparison to standard ES culture containing 15% serum, increased the area ratio of ES-guts to EBs. SR culture also promoted maturation of epithelium to form a single layer of columnar epithelial cells, including absorptive cells and goblet cells. Expression of Msi-1 mRNA and protein was significantly enhanced when EBs were cultured under SR conditions. In conclusion, SR conditions efficiently induce formation of ES-guts and promote differentiation of epithelium, including intestinal stem cells. These results suggest the feasibility of cell-based therapy for intestinal failure based on ES cell culture systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-126
Number of pages14
JournalStem Cells and Development
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Konuma, N., Wakabayashi, K., Matsumoto, T., Kusumi, Y., Masuko, T., Iribe, Y., Mitsumata, M., Okano, H., Kusafuka, T., & Mugishima, H. (2009). Mouse embryonic stem cells give rise to gut-like morphogenesis, including intestinal stem cells, in the embryoid body model. Stem Cells and Development, 18(1), 113-126. https://doi.org/10.1089/scd.2008.0045