Multi-core cable-like TiO2 nanofibrous membranes for dye-sensitized solar cells

Hiroshi Kokubo, Bin Ding, Takayuki Naka, Hiroki Tsuchihira, Seimei Shiratori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multi-core cable-like TiO2 nanofibres were fabricated by calcination of composite polyvinyl acetate (PVAc)/titania nanofibres with a hot pressing pre-treatment. This resultant novel fibre structure was composed of sheaths of 200 nm in diameter and 25 nm in wall thickness, and cores filled with 24 nm thick TiO2 fibrils. The formation of multi-core cable-like structures of fibres is considered to be due to the enhanced phase separation of PVAc-rich and TiO2-rich phases during the hot pressing process. The BET results showed that the specific surface area of pressed TiO2 membranes was much higher than that of unpressed TiO2 membranes. In this study, the novel multi-core cable-like TiO2 fibrous membranes were used as electrode materials for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). It was observed that the photocurrent and conversion efficiency of the electrodes increased concurrently with increasing applied pressure and average membrane thickness in the range of 1-9 μm. The maximum short circuit photocurrent and energy conversion efficiency were 16.09 mA cm-2 and 5.77% when the membrane had an average thickness of 9.21 μm and 8 MPa applied pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165604
JournalNanotechnology
Volume18
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr 25

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Multi-core cable-like TiO<sub>2</sub> nanofibrous membranes for dye-sensitized solar cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this