Multi-Person Position Estimation Based on Correlation between Received Signals Using MIMO FMCW Radar

Koji Endo, Tomohiro Ishikawa, Kohei Yamamoto, Tomoaki Ohtsuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


By using Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) radar, a range-Angle map can be obtained that displays the signal strength in two dimensions with respect to distance and angular directions. In this process, a threshold algorithm such as Constant False Alarm Rate (CFAR) is used to detect positions where the signal strength exceeds a certain threshold value, enabling position estimation of targets. Furthermore, a method has been proposed to use the curve length of the trajectory of the I/Q signal to emphasize the signal of the person's position on the range angle map. However, the conventional CFAR may cause false alarms when noise and clutter signals are strong. In this paper, we propose a new method for human location estimation using the MIMO FMCW radar. Comparing the reflected signals from people and clutter, we see that I/Q signal variations associated with human motion have little correlation with clutter from stationary objects or noise, and I/Q signal variations associated with clutter often have high correlation with signals at other positions. We focus on the fact that there are many positions where the clutter component signal has a high correlation, compared to the signal caused by a person. Using the correlation map that expresses the correlation between the received I/Q signals on the range-Angle plane, we evaluated the characteristics of noise and clutter components from walls on the correlation map by standard deviation. As a result, we can remove strong noise and clutter components caused from near walls, thus improving the accuracy of object location estimation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2610-2620
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • correlation
  • localization
  • MIMO FMCW radar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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