Multi-stage Preparation for the Repair of Complicated Skull Defects

Yoshiaki Sakamoto, Eric Arnaud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cranioplasty following decompressive craniectomy is highly associated with complications. Methods for avoiding these complications have been well-documented; however, approaching reconstruction through the previous incision, especially if it was on or very near the bone defect, can sometimes lead to wound dehiscence and infection, with exposure of the artificial bone. For such complicated cases, we propose a multi-staged preparation that includes creating a delayed skin flap for the actual skull reconstruction. Flap was elevated in three stages, with 4 week intervals between each stage to allow for adequate blood supply. Cranioplasty using custom-made implants was then performed. Four patients (age range, 10-25 years) were prepared for skull reconstruction using this technique. During follow-up period for 12 months, no complications, including infections, exposure of the artificial bone, or flap necrosis, were observed. Despite the multiple stages required, we consider that our technique makes a significant contribution to the literature because it suggests a technique for cranioplasty following decompressive craniectomy that may avoid many of the complications following such cranioplasty using current methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-175
Number of pages4
JournalNeurologia medico-chirurgica
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 15

Keywords

  • cranial defect
  • cranial reconstruction
  • cranioplasty
  • delayed phenomenon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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