Multiband superconductivity in heavy fermion compound CePt 3Si without inversion symmetry

An NMR study on a high-quality single crystal

Hidekazu Mukuda, Sachihiro Nishide, Atsushi Harada, Kaori Iwasaki, Mamoru Yogi, Mitsuharu Yashima, Yoshio Kitaoka, Masahiko Tsujino, Tetsuya Takeuchi, Rikio Settai, Yoshichika Onuki, Ernst Bauer, Kohei M Itoh, Eugene E. Haller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on novel superconducting characteristics of the heavy fermion (HF) superconductor CePt 3Si without inversion symmetry through 195Pt-NMR study on a single crystal with T c = 0.46 K that is lower than T c ∼ 0.75 K for polycrystals. We show that the intrinsic superconducting characteristics inherent to CePt 3Si can be understood in terms of the unconventional strong-coupling state with a line-node gap below T c = 0.46 K. The mystery about the sample dependence of T c is explained by the fact that more or less polycrystals and single crystals inevitably contain some disordered domains, which exhibit a conventional BCS s-wave superconductivity (SC) below 0.8 K. In contrast, the Néel temperature T N ∼ 2.2 K is present regardless of the quality of samples, revealing that the Fermi surface responsible for SC differ from that for the antiferromagnetic order. These unusual characteristics of CePt 3Si can be also described by a multiband model; in the homogeneous domains, the coherent HF bands are responsible for the unconventional SC, whereas in the disordered domains the conduction bands existing commonly in LaPt 3Si may be responsible for the conventional s-wave SC. We remark that some impurity scatterings in the disordered domains break up the 4f-electrons-derived coherent bands but not others. In this context, the small peak in 1/T 1 just below T c reported before [Yogi et al. (2004)] is not due to a two-component order parameter composed of spin-singlet and spin-triplet Cooper pairing states, but due to the contamination of the disorder domains which are in the s-wave SC state.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014705
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan

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superconductivity
fermions
inversions
nuclear magnetic resonance
single crystals
symmetry
polycrystals
heavy fermion superconductors
Fermi surfaces
conduction bands
contamination
disorders
impurities
scattering
crystals
electrons
temperature

Keywords

  • Antiferromagnetism
  • CePt Si
  • NMR
  • Non-centrosymmetric superconductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Multiband superconductivity in heavy fermion compound CePt 3Si without inversion symmetry : An NMR study on a high-quality single crystal. / Mukuda, Hidekazu; Nishide, Sachihiro; Harada, Atsushi; Iwasaki, Kaori; Yogi, Mamoru; Yashima, Mitsuharu; Kitaoka, Yoshio; Tsujino, Masahiko; Takeuchi, Tetsuya; Settai, Rikio; Onuki, Yoshichika; Bauer, Ernst; Itoh, Kohei M; Haller, Eugene E.

In: Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 78, No. 1, 014705, 01.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mukuda, H, Nishide, S, Harada, A, Iwasaki, K, Yogi, M, Yashima, M, Kitaoka, Y, Tsujino, M, Takeuchi, T, Settai, R, Onuki, Y, Bauer, E, Itoh, KM & Haller, EE 2009, 'Multiband superconductivity in heavy fermion compound CePt 3Si without inversion symmetry: An NMR study on a high-quality single crystal', Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, vol. 78, no. 1, 014705. https://doi.org/10.1143/JPSJ.78.014705
Mukuda, Hidekazu ; Nishide, Sachihiro ; Harada, Atsushi ; Iwasaki, Kaori ; Yogi, Mamoru ; Yashima, Mitsuharu ; Kitaoka, Yoshio ; Tsujino, Masahiko ; Takeuchi, Tetsuya ; Settai, Rikio ; Onuki, Yoshichika ; Bauer, Ernst ; Itoh, Kohei M ; Haller, Eugene E. / Multiband superconductivity in heavy fermion compound CePt 3Si without inversion symmetry : An NMR study on a high-quality single crystal. In: Journal of the Physical Society of Japan. 2009 ; Vol. 78, No. 1.
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abstract = "We report on novel superconducting characteristics of the heavy fermion (HF) superconductor CePt 3Si without inversion symmetry through 195Pt-NMR study on a single crystal with T c = 0.46 K that is lower than T c ∼ 0.75 K for polycrystals. We show that the intrinsic superconducting characteristics inherent to CePt 3Si can be understood in terms of the unconventional strong-coupling state with a line-node gap below T c = 0.46 K. The mystery about the sample dependence of T c is explained by the fact that more or less polycrystals and single crystals inevitably contain some disordered domains, which exhibit a conventional BCS s-wave superconductivity (SC) below 0.8 K. In contrast, the N{\'e}el temperature T N ∼ 2.2 K is present regardless of the quality of samples, revealing that the Fermi surface responsible for SC differ from that for the antiferromagnetic order. These unusual characteristics of CePt 3Si can be also described by a multiband model; in the homogeneous domains, the coherent HF bands are responsible for the unconventional SC, whereas in the disordered domains the conduction bands existing commonly in LaPt 3Si may be responsible for the conventional s-wave SC. We remark that some impurity scatterings in the disordered domains break up the 4f-electrons-derived coherent bands but not others. In this context, the small peak in 1/T 1 just below T c reported before [Yogi et al. (2004)] is not due to a two-component order parameter composed of spin-singlet and spin-triplet Cooper pairing states, but due to the contamination of the disorder domains which are in the s-wave SC state.",
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AU - Iwasaki, Kaori

AU - Yogi, Mamoru

AU - Yashima, Mitsuharu

AU - Kitaoka, Yoshio

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AU - Takeuchi, Tetsuya

AU - Settai, Rikio

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