Multilevel maxwell-bloch-equation description of ultrashort laser pulse amplification in inhomogeneously broadened XeCl media

Fumihiko Kannari, Minoru Obara

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Coherent amplification of short-pulse XeCl lasers is studied theoretically by using multilevel Maxwell-Bloch equations in which the vibrational-rotational structures of a XeCl gain spectrum are included. The model used considers 100 transitions each in the P and R branches for six different vibrational transitions of XeCl(B, v = 0) → XeCl(X, v’ = 0-5). Coherence components between sublevels in the B and X states are also properly calculated. The model can successfully predict coherent effects such as a quantum beat caused by the spectrum overlap of the several vibrational-rotational transitions involved in a short-pulse laser spectrum. During amplification, laser pulses experience some nonlinear effects caused by the complex gain spectrum structure and by the coherent interactions; thus a considerable change in the laser pulse shape and a substantial reduction in the duration of the amplified laser pulse are predicted. The Frantz-Nodvik equation in the rate-equation limit and even single-level Maxwell-Bloch equations are not applicable for short-pulse propagation analyses in inhomogeneously broadened gain media.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1493-1506
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1990 Aug


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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