Mutant huntingtin fragment selectively suppresses Brn-2 POU domain transcription factor to mediate hypothalamic cell dysfunction

Tomoyuki Yamanaka, Asako Tosaki, Haruko Miyazaki, Masaru Kurosawa, Yoshiaki Furukawa, Mizuki Yamada, Nobuyuki Nukina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In polyglutamine diseases including Huntington's disease (HD), mutant proteins containing expanded polyglutamine stretches form nuclear aggregates in neurons. Although analysis of their disease models suggested a significance of transcriptional dysregulation in these diseases, how it mediates the specific neuronal cell dysfunction remains obscure. Here we performed a comprehensive analysis of altered DNA binding of multiple transcription factors using R6/2 HD model mice brains that express an N-terminal fragment of mutant huntingtin (mutant Nhtt). We found a reduction of DNA binding of Brn-2, a POU domain transcription factor involved in differentiation and function of hypothalamic neurosecretory neurons. We provide evidence supporting that Brn-2 loses its function through two pathways, its sequestration by mutant Nhtt and its reduced transcription, leading to reduced expression of hypothalamic neuropeptides. In contrast to Brn-2, its functionally related protein, Brn-1, was not sequestered by mutant Nhtt but was upregulated in R6/2 brain, except in hypothalamus. Our data indicate that functional suppression of Brn-2 together with a regionspecific lack of compensation by Brn-1 mediates hypothalamic cell dysfunction by mutant Nhtt.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberddq087
Pages (from-to)2099-2112
Number of pages14
JournalHuman molecular genetics
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb 25

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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