Myopic regression after phakic intraocular lens implantation and LASIK

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

PURPOSE: In myopia, biometry including the axial length is important, along with the refractive data. We compared the rates of myopic regression 3 years after phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) implantation and laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) after matching the preoperative axial length in highly myopic eyes of Japanese patients. METHODS: This retrospective nonrandomized study included 133 eyes of 84 patients with myopia exceeding -6.00 diopters (D) who underwent implantation of two iris-fixated pIOLs (pIOL group, 66 eyes/46 patients) or myopic LASIK (LASIK group, 67 eyes/38 patients) who were followed for more than 3 years postoperatively. The patient age, preoperative refraction, and preoperative axial length were matched between the study groups. RESULTS: There were no significant differences preoperatively between the groups in age, intraocular pressure, refraction, keratometry, or axial length. The mean regression values after 3 years compared with the 1-month postoperative refractions were -0.12 ± 0.47 (SD) D in the pIOL group and -0.82 ± 0.69 D in the LASIK group (p < 0.001). The differences in the mean regression rates between 1 and 12 months, 12 and 24 months, and 24 and 36 months of follow-up were, respectively, 0.09 ± 0.38 D, -0.11 ± 0.35 D, and -0.11 ± 0.30 D in the pIOL group and -0.57 ± 0.84 D, -0.24 ± 0.47 D, and 0.00 ± 0.53 D in the LASIK group (p < 0.001, p = 0.07, p = 0.15, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant difference in myopic regression 3 years postoperatively between the groups matched for preoperative axial length in Japanese patients. This result has the potential to elucidate myopia in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-239
Number of pages9
JournalOptometry and Vision Science
Volume91
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb

Fingerprint

Phakic Intraocular Lenses
Laser In Situ Keratomileusis
Intraocular Lens Implantation
Myopia
Biometry
Iris
Intraocular Pressure
Research Design
Retrospective Studies
Age Groups

Keywords

  • LASIK
  • Myopia
  • Myopic regression
  • Phakic intraocular lens
  • Refractive change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Myopic regression after phakic intraocular lens implantation and LASIK. / Torii, Hidemasa; Negishi, Kazuno; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Arai, Hiroyuki; Kato, Naoko; Tsubota, Kazuo.

In: Optometry and Vision Science, Vol. 91, No. 2, 02.2014, p. 231-239.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "PURPOSE: In myopia, biometry including the axial length is important, along with the refractive data. We compared the rates of myopic regression 3 years after phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) implantation and laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) after matching the preoperative axial length in highly myopic eyes of Japanese patients. METHODS: This retrospective nonrandomized study included 133 eyes of 84 patients with myopia exceeding -6.00 diopters (D) who underwent implantation of two iris-fixated pIOLs (pIOL group, 66 eyes/46 patients) or myopic LASIK (LASIK group, 67 eyes/38 patients) who were followed for more than 3 years postoperatively. The patient age, preoperative refraction, and preoperative axial length were matched between the study groups. RESULTS: There were no significant differences preoperatively between the groups in age, intraocular pressure, refraction, keratometry, or axial length. The mean regression values after 3 years compared with the 1-month postoperative refractions were -0.12 ± 0.47 (SD) D in the pIOL group and -0.82 ± 0.69 D in the LASIK group (p < 0.001). The differences in the mean regression rates between 1 and 12 months, 12 and 24 months, and 24 and 36 months of follow-up were, respectively, 0.09 ± 0.38 D, -0.11 ± 0.35 D, and -0.11 ± 0.30 D in the pIOL group and -0.57 ± 0.84 D, -0.24 ± 0.47 D, and 0.00 ± 0.53 D in the LASIK group (p < 0.001, p = 0.07, p = 0.15, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant difference in myopic regression 3 years postoperatively between the groups matched for preoperative axial length in Japanese patients. This result has the potential to elucidate myopia in the future.",
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AU - Torii, Hidemasa

AU - Negishi, Kazuno

AU - Watanabe, Kazuhiro

AU - Arai, Hiroyuki

AU - Kato, Naoko

AU - Tsubota, Kazuo

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N2 - PURPOSE: In myopia, biometry including the axial length is important, along with the refractive data. We compared the rates of myopic regression 3 years after phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) implantation and laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) after matching the preoperative axial length in highly myopic eyes of Japanese patients. METHODS: This retrospective nonrandomized study included 133 eyes of 84 patients with myopia exceeding -6.00 diopters (D) who underwent implantation of two iris-fixated pIOLs (pIOL group, 66 eyes/46 patients) or myopic LASIK (LASIK group, 67 eyes/38 patients) who were followed for more than 3 years postoperatively. The patient age, preoperative refraction, and preoperative axial length were matched between the study groups. RESULTS: There were no significant differences preoperatively between the groups in age, intraocular pressure, refraction, keratometry, or axial length. The mean regression values after 3 years compared with the 1-month postoperative refractions were -0.12 ± 0.47 (SD) D in the pIOL group and -0.82 ± 0.69 D in the LASIK group (p < 0.001). The differences in the mean regression rates between 1 and 12 months, 12 and 24 months, and 24 and 36 months of follow-up were, respectively, 0.09 ± 0.38 D, -0.11 ± 0.35 D, and -0.11 ± 0.30 D in the pIOL group and -0.57 ± 0.84 D, -0.24 ± 0.47 D, and 0.00 ± 0.53 D in the LASIK group (p < 0.001, p = 0.07, p = 0.15, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant difference in myopic regression 3 years postoperatively between the groups matched for preoperative axial length in Japanese patients. This result has the potential to elucidate myopia in the future.

AB - PURPOSE: In myopia, biometry including the axial length is important, along with the refractive data. We compared the rates of myopic regression 3 years after phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) implantation and laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) after matching the preoperative axial length in highly myopic eyes of Japanese patients. METHODS: This retrospective nonrandomized study included 133 eyes of 84 patients with myopia exceeding -6.00 diopters (D) who underwent implantation of two iris-fixated pIOLs (pIOL group, 66 eyes/46 patients) or myopic LASIK (LASIK group, 67 eyes/38 patients) who were followed for more than 3 years postoperatively. The patient age, preoperative refraction, and preoperative axial length were matched between the study groups. RESULTS: There were no significant differences preoperatively between the groups in age, intraocular pressure, refraction, keratometry, or axial length. The mean regression values after 3 years compared with the 1-month postoperative refractions were -0.12 ± 0.47 (SD) D in the pIOL group and -0.82 ± 0.69 D in the LASIK group (p < 0.001). The differences in the mean regression rates between 1 and 12 months, 12 and 24 months, and 24 and 36 months of follow-up were, respectively, 0.09 ± 0.38 D, -0.11 ± 0.35 D, and -0.11 ± 0.30 D in the pIOL group and -0.57 ± 0.84 D, -0.24 ± 0.47 D, and 0.00 ± 0.53 D in the LASIK group (p < 0.001, p = 0.07, p = 0.15, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant difference in myopic regression 3 years postoperatively between the groups matched for preoperative axial length in Japanese patients. This result has the potential to elucidate myopia in the future.

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KW - Phakic intraocular lens

KW - Refractive change

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