Na-induced variations in the structural, optical, and electrical properties of Cu (In,Ga) Se2 thin films

Shogo Ishizuka, Akimasa Yamada, Muhammad Monirul Islam, Hajime Shibata, Paul Fons, Takeaki Sakurai, Katsuhiro Akimoto, Shigeru Niki

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124 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The systematic variations in the structural, optical, and electrical properties of polycrystalline Cu (In,Ga) Se2 (CIGS) thin films with Na doping level were investigated. Precise control of the Na concentration in CIGS films was demonstrated using alkali-silicate glass thin layers of various thicknesses deposited on substrates prior to CIGS growth. The CIGS grain size was observed to decrease with increasing Na concentration, although the surface morphology became smoother and exhibited a stronger (112) texture, which has been demonstrated consequence of larger grain size. The Ga composition gradient in the CIGS films was found to become large due to the presence of Na during growth, which in turn led to a decrease in the nominal band gap energy. Variations in the photoluminescence spectra and electrical properties suggested that the formation of an acceptor energy state, which may originate from O Se point defects, was enhanced in the presence of Na. This result suggests that not only Na, but also the presence of O in combination with Na contributes to the compensation of point defects and enhances p -type conductivity in CIGS films.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034908
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume106
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug 28
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Ishizuka, S., Yamada, A., Islam, M. M., Shibata, H., Fons, P., Sakurai, T., Akimoto, K., & Niki, S. (2009). Na-induced variations in the structural, optical, and electrical properties of Cu (In,Ga) Se2 thin films. Journal of Applied Physics, 106(3), [034908]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3190528