Narrative review on health-edrm primary prevention measures for vector-borne diseases

Emily Ying Yang Chan, Tiffany Sze Tung Sham, Tayyab Salim Shahzada, Caroline Dubois, Zhe Huang, Sida Liu, Kevin K.C. Hung, Shelly L.A. Tse, Kin On Kwok, Pui Hong Chung, Ryoma Kayano, Rajib Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Climate change is expanding the global at-risk population for vector-borne diseases (VBDs). The World Health Organization (WHO) health emergency and disaster risk management (health-EDRM) framework emphasises the importance of primary prevention of biological hazards and its value in protecting against VBDs. The framework encourages stakeholder coordination and information sharing, though there is still a need to reinforce prevention and recovery within disaster management. This keyword-search based narrative literature review searched databases PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase and Medline between January 2000 and May 2020, and identified 134 publications. In total, 10 health-EDRM primary prevention measures are summarised at three levels (personal, environmental and household). Enabling factor, limiting factors, co-benefits and strength of evidence were identified. Current studies on primary prevention measures for VBDs focus on health risk-reduction, with minimal evaluation of actual disease reduction. Although prevention against mosquito-borne diseases, notably malaria, has been well-studied, research on other vectors and VBDs remains limited. Other gaps included the limited evidence pertaining to prevention in resource-poor settings and the efficacy of alternatives, discrepancies amongst agencies’ recommendations, and limited studies on the impact of technological advancements and habitat change on VBD prevalence. Health-EDRM primary prevention measures for VBDs require high-priority research to facilitate multifaceted, multi-sectoral, coordinated responses that will enable effective risk mitigation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5981
Pages (from-to)1-28
Number of pages28
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume17
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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    Chan, E. Y. Y., Sham, T. S. T., Shahzada, T. S., Dubois, C., Huang, Z., Liu, S., Hung, K. K. C., Tse, S. L. A., Kwok, K. O., Chung, P. H., Kayano, R., & Shaw, R. (2020). Narrative review on health-edrm primary prevention measures for vector-borne diseases. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(16), 1-28. [5981]. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165981