OBJECTIVES: FOLFIRINOX (oxaliplatin, irinotecan, 5-fluorouracil, and leucovorin) is the standard therapy worldwide for unresectable pancreatic cancer; however, clinical data for Japanese patients are limited. Therefore, the observational study of FOLFIRINOX for patients with pancreatic cancer was conducted.
METHODS: The study included 399 patients with unresectable or recurrent pancreatic cancer, from 27 institutions in Japan, treated with FOLFIRINOX and surveyed until December 2015.
RESULTS: The median age was 63 years; in most patients, the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status was 1 or lower. The initial dose was reduced in 270 patients (68%). The main grade 3/4 toxicities were neutropenia (64%), anorexia (14%), and febrile neutropenia (13%). Fatal adverse events occurred in 5 patients, 4 of whom did not satisfy the main inclusion criteria of a previous Japanese phase II FOLFIRINOX study. The median overall survival and progression-free survival times were 10.8, and 4.5 months, respectively. The objective response rate was 21%, and the disease control rate was 61%. The median overall survival times were 11.1, 18.5, and 4.9 months in chemotherapy-naïve patients with metastatic, locally advanced, and recurrent disease, respectively.
CONCLUSION: When carefully managed, FOLFIRINOX is acceptably safe and efficacious in Japanese patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism