Neoadjuvant gemcitabine plus cisplatin for muscle-invasive bladder cancer

Gou Kaneko, Eiji Kikuchi, Kazuhiro Matsumoto, Jun Obata, So Nakamura, Akira Miyajima, Mototsugu Oya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Downstaging by neoadjuvant chemotherapy improves the survival of patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. In salvage setting, gemcitabine plus cisplatin has demonstrated an efficacy similar to that of methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin with less toxicity. Therefore, the application of neoadjuvant gemcitabine plus cisplatin is also being anticipated. Methods: Twenty-two patients who received neoadjuvant gemcitabine plus cisplatin were evaluated. The rate of downstaging, chemotherapy delivery profile and toxicity data were assessed. As comparator group, nine patients who were administered with neoadjuvant methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin were evaluated. Results: A mean of 1.9 cycles of neoadjuvant gemcitabine plus cisplatin were performed. Achieved drug intensity for gemcitabine and cisplatin was 83.8 and 95.4%. Downstaging to pT0 and <pT2 was achieved in 50.0 and 63.6%. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia and febrile neutropenia appeared in 14.3, 2.4, 21.4 and 2.4%, respectively. Grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic toxicity was not observed. Thrombocytosis developed in 26.2%. A mean of 2.3 cycles of neoadjuvant methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin were performed. The achieved drug intensities for methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin were 59.6, 69.8, 100 and 88.6%. In patients treated with neoadjuvant methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin, downstaging to pT0 and <pT2 was achieved in 22.2 and 44.4%. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia, anemia and thrombocytopenia was present in 19.1, 9.5 and 4.8%. Grade 3 nausea developed in 28.6%. Conclusions: The rate of downstaging by neoadjuvant gemcitabine plus cisplatin was comparable with that by methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin. Gemcitabine plus cisplatin was associated with less non-hematologic toxicity than methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cisplatin.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberhyr068
Pages (from-to)908-914
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese journal of clinical oncology
Volume41
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul

Keywords

  • Bladder cancer
  • Cisplatin
  • Gemcitabine
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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