Nephroprotective effect and its mechanism of betamipron (1) —Relationships of renal transport—

Hideo Naganuma, Hiroshi Tokiwa, Yasukuni Hirouchi, Yukinori Kawahara, Masaharu Fukami, Jun Ichiro Fukushige, Koji Hirota, Shigeki Muramatsu, Hidekuni Takahagi, Ken Ichi Inui, Yusuke Tanigawara, Masato Yasuhara, Ryohei Hori, Shogo Kuwahara

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nephroprotective effect of betamipron (BP) and its mechanism were investigated in view of renal transport of panipenem (PAPM), a new carbapenem antibiotic, in rabbits. Concomitant intravenous dose of BP (0.5~2 folds to PAPM) decreased dose-dependently the frequency of renal tubular necrosis caused by more than 150mg/kg of antibiotic administration. The decrement of nephrotoxicity was well correlated with the inhibitory activity of the renal cortical accumulation of PAPM. rhe optimal dose ratio of BP was equivalent to PAPM as weight. Such nephroprotective effect of BP was also observed in rabbits with acute glomerular nephritis. Both of BP and probenecid, an organic anion transport inhibitor, were practically prevented the〔14C〕 PAPM uptake in isolated renal tubule. BP hardly inhibited the rat renal dehydropeptidase- I activity unlike cilastatin. Nontoxic and nephroselective properties of BP might be full of promise to clinical use as a desirable nephroprotective agent for PAPM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-177
Number of pages12
JournalChemotherapy
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Oncology

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    Naganuma, H., Tokiwa, H., Hirouchi, Y., Kawahara, Y., Fukami, M., Fukushige, J. I., Hirota, K., Muramatsu, S., Takahagi, H., Inui, K. I., Tanigawara, Y., Yasuhara, M., Hori, R., & Kuwahara, S. (1991). Nephroprotective effect and its mechanism of betamipron (1) —Relationships of renal transport—. Chemotherapy, 39, 166-177. https://doi.org/10.11250/chemotherapy1953.39.Supplement3_166