Neural degeneration in the retina of the streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetes model

Yoko Ozawa, Toshihide Kurihara, Mariko Sasaki, Norimitsu Ban, Kenya Yuki, Shunsuke Kubota, Kazuo Tsubota

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Abstract

Diabetic retinopathy, a vision-threatening disease, has been regarded as a vascular disorder. However, impaired oscillatory potentials (OPs) in the electroretinogram (ERG) and visual dysfunction are recorded before severe vascular lesions appear. Here, we review the molecular mechanisms underlying the retinal neural degeneration observed in the streptozotocin-(STZ-) induced type 1 diabetes model. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) both cause OP impairment and reduced levels of synaptophysin, a synaptic vesicle protein for neurotransmitter release, most likely through excessive protein degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. ROS also decrease brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and inner retinal neuronal cells. The influence of both RAS and ROS on synaptophysin suggests that RAS-ROS crosstalk occurs in the diabetic retina. Therefore, suppressors of RAS or ROS, such as angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers or the antioxidant lutein, respectively, are potential candidates for neuroprotective and preventive therapies to improve the visual prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108328
JournalExperimental Diabetes Research
Volume2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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