Neurobiology of receptor-mediated lysophospholipid signaling. From the first lysophospholipid receptor to roles in nervous system function and development

Jerold Chun, Joshua A. Weiner, Nobuyuki Fukushima, James J.A. Contos, Guangfa Zhang, Yuka Kimura, Adrienne Dubin, Isao Ishii, Jonathan H. Hecht, Carol Akita, Dhruv Kaushal

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Abstract

Identification of the first lysophospholipid receptor, LP(A1)/Vzg-1, cloned by way of neurobiological analyses on the embryonic cerebral cortex, has led to the realization and demonstration that there exist multiple, homologous LP receptors, including those encoded by a number of orphan receptor genes known as 'Edg,' all of which are members of the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily. These receptors interact with apparent high affinity for lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) or sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P or SPP), and are referred to based upon their functional identity as lysophospholipid receptors: LP(A) and LP(B) receptors, respectively, with the expectation that additional subgroups will be identified (i.e., LP(C), etc.). Here an update is provided on insights gained from analyses of these receptor genes as they relate to the nervous system, particularly the cerebral cortex, and myelinating cells (oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-117
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume905
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

Cite this

Chun, J., Weiner, J. A., Fukushima, N., Contos, J. J. A., Zhang, G., Kimura, Y., Dubin, A., Ishii, I., Hecht, J. H., Akita, C., & Kaushal, D. (2000). Neurobiology of receptor-mediated lysophospholipid signaling. From the first lysophospholipid receptor to roles in nervous system function and development. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 905, 110-117.