Neuroendocrine carcinoma of uterine cervix findings shown by MRI for staging and survival analysis - Japan multicenter study

Kazuhiro Kitajima, Takako Kihara, Yusuke Kawanaka, Aki Kido, Kotaro Yoshida, Yasunari Mizumoto, Akiko Tomiyama, Shigeo Okuda, Masahiro Jinzaki, Fumi Kato, Junko Takahama, Akiko Takahata, Yoshihiko Fukukura, Atsushi Nakamoto, Tetsuya Tsujikawa, Jiro Munechika, Yoshimitstu Ohgiya, Nobuyuki Kawai, Satoshi Goshima, Ayumi OhyaYasunari Fujinaga, Takeru Fukunaga, Shinya Fujii, Masahiro Tanabe, Katsuyoshi Ito, Takahiro Tsuboyama, Yuichiro Kanie, Shigeaki Umeoka, Shintaro Ichikawa, Utaroh Motosugi, Sayaka Daido, Ayumu Kido, Tsutomu Tamada, Mitsuru Matsuki, Tsuneo Yamashiro, Koichiro Yamakado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) of the uterine cervix cases for MRI features and staging, as well as pathological correlations and survival. Results: FIGO was I in 42, II in 14, III in 1, and IV in 5 patients. T2-weighted MRI showed homogeneous slightly high signal intensity and obvious restricted diffusion (ADC map, low intensity; DWI, high intensity) throughout the tumor in most cases, and mild enhancement in two-thirds. In 50 patients who underwent a radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy without neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), intrapelvic T staging by MRI overall accuracy was 88.0% with reference to pathology staging, while patient-based sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for metastatic pelvic lymph node detection was 38.5%, 100%, and 83.3%, respectively. During a mean follow-up period of 45.6 months (range 4.3-151.0 months), 28 patients (45.2%) experienced recurrence and 24 (38.7%) died. Three-year progression-free and overall survival rates for FIGO I, II, III, and IV were 64.3% and 80.9%, 50% and 64.3%, 0% and 0%, and 0% and 0%, respectively. Materials and Methods: Sixty-two patients with histologically surgery-proven uterine cervical NEC were enrolled. Twelve received NAC. Clinical data, pathological findings, and pretreatment pelvic MRI findings were retrospectively reviewed. Thirtytwo tumors were pure NEC and 30 mixed with other histotypes. The NECs were small cell type (41), large cell type (18), or a mixture of both (3). Conclusions: Homogeneous lesion texture with obvious restricted diffusion throughout the tumor are features suggestive of cervical NEC. Our findings show that MRI is reliable for T staging of cervical NEC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3675-3686
Number of pages12
JournalOncotarget
Volume11
Issue number40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 6

Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • Large cell carcinoma
  • MRI
  • Neuroendocrine carcinoma
  • Small cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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