Neuroprotective role of retinal SIRT3 against acute photo-stress

Norimitsu Ban, Yoko Ozawa, Hideto Osada, Jonathan B. Lin, Eriko Toda, Mitsuhiro Watanabe, Kenya Yuki, Shunsuke Kubota, Rajendra S. Apte, Kazuo Tsubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

SIRT3 is a key regulator of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species as well as mitochondrial function. The retina is one of the highest energy-demanding tissues, in which the regulation of reactive oxygen species is critical to prevent retinal neurodegeneration. Although previous reports have demonstrated that SIRT3 is highly expressed in the retina and important in neuroprotection, function of SIRT3 in regulating reactive oxygen species in the retina is largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of retinal SIRT3 in a light-induced retinal degeneration model using SIRT3 knockout mice. We demonstrate that SIRT3 deficiency causes acute reactive oxygen species accumulation and endoplasmic reticulum stress in the retina after the light exposure, which leads to increased photoreceptor death, retinal thinning, and decreased retinal function. Using a photoreceptor-derived cell line, we revealed that reactive oxygen species were the upstream initiators of endoplasmic reticulum stress. Under SIRT3 knockdown condition, we demonstrated that decreased superoxide dismutase 2 activity led to elevated intracellular reactive oxygen species. These studies have helped to elucidate the critical role of SIRT3 in photoreceptor neuronal survival, and suggest that SIRT3 might be a therapeutic target for oxidative stress-induced retinal disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19
Journalnpj Aging and Mechanisms of Disease
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Ageing

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Neuroprotective role of retinal SIRT3 against acute photo-stress'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this