NF-κB RELA-deficient bone marrow macrophages fail to support bone formation and to maintain the hematopoietic niche after lethal irradiation and stem cell transplantation

Setsuko Mise-Omata, Neil Alles, Taro Fukazawa, Kazuhiro Aoki, Keiichi Ohya, Eijiro Jimi, Yuichi Obata, Takahiro Doi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bone remodeling and hematopoiesis are interrelated and bone marrow (BM) macrophages are considered to be important for both bone remodeling and maintenance of the hematopoietic niche. We found that NF-κB Rela-deficient chimeric mice, generated by transplanting Rela-/- fetal liver cells into lethally irradiated hosts, developed severe osteopenia, reduced lymphopoiesis and enhanced mobilization of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells when BM cells were completely substituted by Rela-deficient cells. Rela-/- hematopoietic stem cells from fetal liver had normal hematopoietic ability, but those harvested from the BM of osteopenic Rela-/- chimeric mice had reduced repopulation ability, indicating impairment of the microenvironment for the hematopoietic niche. Osteopenia in Rela-/- chimeric mice was due to reduced bone formation, even though osteoblasts differentiated from host cells. This finding indicates impaired functional coupling between osteoblasts and hematopoietic stem cell-derived cells. Rela-deficient BM macrophages exhibited an aberrant inflammatory phenotype, and transplantation with wild-type F4/80+ BM macrophages recovered bone formation and ameliorated lymphopoiesis in Rela-/- chimeric mice. Therefore, RELA in F4/80+ macrophages is important both for bone homeostasis and for maintaining the hematopoietic niche after lethal irradiation and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-618
Number of pages12
JournalInternational immunology
Volume26
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bone remodeling
  • Hematopoietic niche
  • Macrophage
  • NF-κB
  • steoimmunology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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