No association between hospital volume and short-term outcomes of some common surgeries: a retrospective cohort study based on a Japanese nationwide database

Kota Itamoto, Hiraku Kumamaru, Susumu Aikou, Koichi Yagi, Hiroharu Yamashita, Sachiyo Nomura, Hiroaki Miyata, Shinji Kuroda, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Shunsuke Endo, Yuko Kitagawa, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Yasuyuki Seto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Centralization of high-risk surgeries has become a widespread strategy. However, whether or not the hospital volume affects the outcomes of common surgeries remains unclear. This study explored the association between hospital volume and short-term outcomes of common surgeries, as represented by appendectomy, cholecystectomy, and pneumothorax surgery, by analyzing data from a Japanese nationwide database. Methods: All hospitals were categorized into four groups (very low-, low-, high-, and very high-volume) according to the annual hospital volume of all gastrointestinal surgeries or all respiratory surgeries in 2017. Patient demographic data and surgical outcomes were evaluated across hospital volume categories. Results: We analyzed 2392 facilities which performed 771,182 gastrointestinal surgeries, and 992 facilities which performed 98,656 respiratory surgeries. Short-term outcomes of patients who underwent appendectomy (n = 50,568), cholecystectomy (n = 104,262), and pneumothorax surgery (n = 11,723) were evaluated. The incidences of postoperative complications, reoperation, and readmission were similar among the groups. Multivariable logistic regression analyses revealed hospital volume to have no association with these short-term outcomes. Conclusion: Analyses of a Japanese nationwide database revealed that the hospital volume was not associated with short-term outcomes of appendectomy, cholecystectomy, and pneumothorax surgery. These common surgical procedures may not require centralization into high-volume hospitals.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSurgery today
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Centralization
  • Common surgery
  • Hospital volume
  • Nationwide database
  • Short-term outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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