We discuss the possibility of protecting the state of a quantum system that goes through noise, by measurements/operations before and after the noise process. The aim is to seek for the optimal protocol that makes the input and output states as close as possible and clarify the role of the measurements therein. We consider two cases; one can perform quantum measurements/operations (i) only after the noise process and (ii) both before and after that. We prove in the two-dimensional Hilbert space that, in the case (i), the noise suppression is essentially impossible for all types of noise and, in the case (ii), the optimal protocol for the depolarizing noise is either the “do nothing” protocol or the “discriminate & reprepare” protocol. These protocols are not “truly quantum” and can be considered as classical. They involve no measurement or only use the measurement outcomes. These results describe the fundamental limitations in quantum mechanics from the viewpoint of control theory. Finally, we conjecture that a statement similar to the case (ii) holds for higher-dimensional Hilbert spaces and present some numerical evidence.
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Feb 13|
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