Non-Abelian statistics of vortices with non-Abelian Dirac fermions

Shigehiro Yasui, Yuji Hirono, Kazunori Itakura, Muneto Nitta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We extend our previous analysis on the exchange statistics of vortices having a single Dirac fermion trapped in each core to the case where vortices trap two Dirac fermions with U(2) symmetry. Such a system of vortices with non-Abelian Dirac fermions appears in color superconductors at extremely high densities and in supersymmetric QCD. We show that the exchange of two vortices having doublet Dirac fermions in each core is expressed by non-Abelian representations of a braid group, which is explicitly verified in the matrix representation of the exchange operators when the number of vortices is up to four. We find that the result contains the matrices previously obtained for the vortices with a single Dirac fermion in each core as a special case. The whole braid group does not immediately imply non-Abelian statistics of identical particles because it also contains exchanges between vortices with different numbers of Dirac fermions. However, we find that it does contain, as its subgroup, genuine non-Abelian statistics for the exchange of the identical particles, that is, vortices with the same number of Dirac fermions. This result is surprising compared with conventional understanding because all Dirac fermions are defined locally at each vortex, unlike the case of Majorana fermions for which Dirac fermions are defined nonlocally by Majorana fermions located at two spatially separated vortices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052142
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume87
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 30

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Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac
Fermions
Vortex
fermions
statistics
vortices
Statistics
Color
Braid Group
trapped vortices
Matrix Representation
Superconductor
matrices
subgroups
Trap
Immediately
quantum chromodynamics
Subgroup
color
Symmetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Non-Abelian statistics of vortices with non-Abelian Dirac fermions. / Yasui, Shigehiro; Hirono, Yuji; Itakura, Kazunori; Nitta, Muneto.

In: Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, Vol. 87, No. 5, 052142, 30.05.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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