Non-Abelian strings and domain walls in two Higgs doublet models

Minoru Eto, Masafumi Kurachi, Muneto Nitta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Contrary to the standard model that does not admit topologically nontrivial solitons, two Higgs doublet models admit topologically stable vortex strings and domain walls. We numerically confirm the existence of a topological Z-string confining fractional Z-flux inside. We show that topological strings at sin θW = 0 limit reduce to non-Abelian strings which possess non-Abelian moduli S2associated with spontaneous breakdown of the SU(2) custodial symmetry. We numerically solve the equations of motion for various parameter choices. It is found that a gauging U(1)Y always lowers the tension of the Z-string while it keeps that of the W-string. On the other hand, a deformation of the Higgs potential is either raising or lowering the tensions of the Z-string and W-string. We numerically obtain an effective potential for the non-Abelian moduli S2for various parameter deformations under the restriction tan β = 1. It is the first time to show that there exists a certain parameter region where the topological W-string can be the most stable topological excitation, contrary to conventional wisdom of electroweak theories. We also obtain numerical solutions of composites of the string and domain walls in a certain condition.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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