We theoretically investigate strong-coupling properties of an ultracold Fermi gas in the BCS-BEC crossover regime in the non-equilibrium steady state, being coupled with two fermion baths. By developing a non-equilibrium strong-coupling theory based on the combined T-matrix approximation with the Keldysh Green’s function technique, we show that the chemical potential bias applied by the two baths gives rise to the anomalous enhancement of Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) type pairing fluctuations (although the system has no spin imbalance), resulting in the re-entrant behavior of the non-equilibrium superfluid phase transition in the BCS-unitary regime. These pairing fluctuations are also found to anomalously enhance the pseudogap phenomenon. Since various nonequilibrium phenomena have recently been measured in ultracold Fermi gases, our non-equilibrium strong-coupling theory would be useful to catch up this experimental development in this research field.
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Oct 28|
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