Non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection localized in small intestine developing after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation

Rie Yamazaki, Takehiko Mori, Tomonori Nakazato, Yoshinobu Aisa, Hiroyuki Imaeda, Tadakazu Hisamatsu, Toshifumi Hibi, Shinichiro Okamoto

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A 33-year-old man with myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Around day 80 post-transplant, he complained of abdominal pain and diarrhea. Colonoscopy and esophagogastroduodenoscopy findings were unremarkable. Double-balloon enteroscopy revealed atrophic villi and mild erosions localized in the small intestine. Histological examination revealed marked proliferation of histiocytes with numerous acid-fast bacilli in their cytoplasm. The specific polymerase chain reaction for Mycobacterium tuberculosis was negative, and a diagnosis of intestinal non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) was made. Physicians should recognize that NTM infection is one of the gastrointestinal infectious complications in immunocompromised patients such as bone marrow transplant recipients, and could localize in the small intestine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1191-1193
Number of pages3
JournalInternal Medicine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul 1



  • Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • Double-balloon enteroscopy
  • Non-tuberculous mycobacteria
  • Small intestine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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