Non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections related to peritoneal dialysis

Hiroyuki Inoue, Naoki Washida, Kohkichi Morimoto, Keisuke Shinozuka, Takahiro Kasai, Kiyotaka Uchiyama, Hirobumi Tokuyama, Shu Wakino, Hiroshi Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most infections related to peritoneal dialysis (PD) are caused by common bacteria, and non-tuberculous mycobacteria are rare. The clinical characteristics and prognosis of PD patients with non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections were investigated at our hospital. Non-tuberculous mycobacteria were detected in 11 patients (exit-site infection, tunnel infection, and peritonitis in 3, 5, and 3 patients, respectively). Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium chelonae, and Mycobacterium abscessus were identified in 4, 2, and 2 patients, respectively. Most patients with peritonitis or tunnel infection required catheter removal. During the study period (2007 – 2017), peritonitis occurred in 44 patients, including 3 patients (6.8%) with non-tuberculous mycobacterial peritonitis. When non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection occurs, multi-agent antibiotic therapy, unroofing surgery, and/or catheter replacement should be performed to prevent peritonitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-149
Number of pages3
JournalPeritoneal Dialysis International
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Non-tuberculous mycobacteria
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Peritonitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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