Noncontact on-machine measurement system based on capacitive displacement sensors for single-point diamond turning

Xingchang Li, Zhiyu Zhang, Haifei Hu, Yingjie Li, Ling Xiong, Xuejun Zhang, Jiwang Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

On-machine measurements can improve the form accuracy of optical surfaces in single-point diamond turning applications; however, commercially available linear variable differential transformer sensors are inaccurate and can potentially scratch the surface. We present an on-machine measurement system based on capacitive displacement sensors for high-precision optical surfaces. In the proposed system, a position-Trigger method of measurement was developed to ensure strict correspondence between the measurement points and the measurement data with no intervening time-delay. In addition, a double-sensor measurement was proposed to reduce the electric signal noise during spindle rotation. Using the proposed system, the repeatability of 80-nm peak-To-valley (PV) and 8-nm root-mean-square (RMS) was achieved through analyzing four successive measurement results. The accuracy of 109-nm PV and 14-nm RMS was obtained by comparing with the interferometer measurement result. An aluminum spherical mirror with a diameter of 300 mm was fabricated, and the resulting measured form error after one compensation cut was decreased to 254 nm in PV and 52 nm in RMS. These results confirm that the measurements of the surface form errors were successfully used to modify the cutting tool path during the compensation cut, thereby ensuring that the diamond turning process was more deterministic. In addition, the results show that the noise level was significantly reduced with the reference sensor even under a high rotational speed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number044105
JournalOptical Engineering
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Diamonds
diamonds
sensors
Sensors
valleys
spindles
Cutting tools
transformers
Interferometers
Time delay
Mirrors
time lag
interferometers
actuators
mirrors
aluminum
Aluminum

Keywords

  • capacitive displacement sensor
  • compensation
  • high efficiency
  • noncontact measurement
  • single-point diamond turning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Noncontact on-machine measurement system based on capacitive displacement sensors for single-point diamond turning. / Li, Xingchang; Zhang, Zhiyu; Hu, Haifei; Li, Yingjie; Xiong, Ling; Zhang, Xuejun; Yan, Jiwang.

In: Optical Engineering, Vol. 57, No. 4, 044105, 01.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Li, Xingchang ; Zhang, Zhiyu ; Hu, Haifei ; Li, Yingjie ; Xiong, Ling ; Zhang, Xuejun ; Yan, Jiwang. / Noncontact on-machine measurement system based on capacitive displacement sensors for single-point diamond turning. In: Optical Engineering. 2018 ; Vol. 57, No. 4.
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