Nonequilibrium fluctuation relations in a quantum coherent conductor

Shuji Nakamura, Yoshiaki Yamauchi, Masayuki Hashisaka, Kensaku Chida, Kensuke Kobayashi, Teruo Ono, Renaud Leturcq, Klaus Ensslin, Keiji Saitou, Yasuhiro Utsumi, Arthur C. Gossard

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Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate the validity of nonequilibrium fluctuation relations by using a quantum coherent conductor. In equilibrium the fluctuation-dissipation relation leads to the correlation between current and current noise at the conductor, namely, the Johnson-Nyquist relation. When the conductor is voltage biased so that the nonlinear regime is entered, the fluctuation theorem has predicted similar nonequilibrium fluctuation relations, which hold true even when the Onsager-Casmir relations are broken in magnetic fields. Our experiments qualitatively validate the predictions as the first evidence of this theorem in the nonequilibrium quantum regime.

Original languageEnglish
Article number080602
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume104
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb 25
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Nakamura, S., Yamauchi, Y., Hashisaka, M., Chida, K., Kobayashi, K., Ono, T., Leturcq, R., Ensslin, K., Saitou, K., Utsumi, Y., & Gossard, A. C. (2010). Nonequilibrium fluctuation relations in a quantum coherent conductor. Physical Review Letters, 104(8), [080602]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.080602