Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation for acute respiratory distress syndrome

Sadatomo Tasaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Invasive mechanical ventilation with positive pressure forms the mainstay of ventilatory support in acute respiratory syndrome (ARDS). Although NPPV is increasingly used in patients with ARDS, a metaanalysis has shown a success rate as low as 50%, which suggests a need for careful introduction of NPPV for the treatment of ARDS. NPPV often fails in ARDS patients with severe illness. In case the oxygenation index is not improved after 1 hour of NPPV, invasive mechanical ventilation should be initiated. In patients with severe pneumonia, NPPV is not routinely recommended. However, among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, NPPV is associated with a better outcome for acute respiratory failure caused by severe pneumonia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-614
Number of pages8
JournalJapanese Journal of Chest Diseases
Volume75
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Positive-Pressure Respiration
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Artificial Respiration
Pneumonia
Respiratory Insufficiency
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Pressure
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • Acute respiratory failure
  • Influenza
  • Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation
  • Severe pneumonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation for acute respiratory distress syndrome. / Tasaka, Sadatomo.

In: Japanese Journal of Chest Diseases, Vol. 75, No. 6, 01.06.2016, p. 607-614.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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