Nonmagnetic impurity effects on spectrum of antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations and nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate in high-Tc superconductivity

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Abstract

We theoretically investigate antiferromagnetic (AF) spin fluctuations in impurity-doped high-Tc superconductivity. We assume a dx2-y2-wave superconductor with strong AF spin fluctuations, and take into account nonmagnetic impurities within the t-matrix approximation. In the clean system, the imaginary part of the AF spin susceptibility (Imχ(Q,ω)) is suppressed far below the excitation gap Eg = 2 × Max[Δp] (Δp: superconducting order parameter), while it has a peak slightly below Eg. On the other hand, in the presence of unitarity scatterers, it is shown that Imχ(Q,ω) far below Eg increases with decreasing temperature even in the superconducting state. As a result, at low temperatures, Imχ(Q,ω) has two peaks far and slightly below Eg as observed in Zn-doped YBa2Cu3O6.97. In addition, because of the enhancement of the low-energy AF spin fluctuations, the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate on Cu ((1/T1T)Cu) also increases at low temperatures in contrast to the case of the clean superconductivity. This result can explain the recent experiment on (1/T1T)Cu in Zn-doped YBa2Cu4O8.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2977-2992
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Volume69
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Sep
Externally publishedYes

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spin-lattice relaxation
nuclear spin
superconductivity
impurities
magnetic permeability
augmentation
approximation
scattering
excitation
temperature
energy

Keywords

  • Antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations
  • High-T-superconductivity
  • Nonmagnetic impurity effect
  • Nuclear spin relaxation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Nonmagnetic impurity effects on spectrum of antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations and nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate in high-Tc superconductivity",
abstract = "We theoretically investigate antiferromagnetic (AF) spin fluctuations in impurity-doped high-Tc superconductivity. We assume a dx2-y2-wave superconductor with strong AF spin fluctuations, and take into account nonmagnetic impurities within the t-matrix approximation. In the clean system, the imaginary part of the AF spin susceptibility (Imχ(Q,ω)) is suppressed far below the excitation gap Eg = 2 × Max[Δp] (Δp: superconducting order parameter), while it has a peak slightly below Eg. On the other hand, in the presence of unitarity scatterers, it is shown that Imχ(Q,ω) far below Eg increases with decreasing temperature even in the superconducting state. As a result, at low temperatures, Imχ(Q,ω) has two peaks far and slightly below Eg as observed in Zn-doped YBa2Cu3O6.97. In addition, because of the enhancement of the low-energy AF spin fluctuations, the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate on Cu ((1/T1T)Cu) also increases at low temperatures in contrast to the case of the clean superconductivity. This result can explain the recent experiment on (1/T1T)Cu in Zn-doped YBa2Cu4O8.",
keywords = "Antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations, High-T-superconductivity, Nonmagnetic impurity effect, Nuclear spin relaxation",
author = "Yoji Ohashi",
year = "2000",
month = "9",
language = "English",
volume = "69",
pages = "2977--2992",
journal = "Journal of the Physical Society of Japan",
issn = "0031-9015",
publisher = "Physical Society of Japan",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Nonmagnetic impurity effects on spectrum of antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations and nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate in high-Tc superconductivity

AU - Ohashi, Yoji

PY - 2000/9

Y1 - 2000/9

N2 - We theoretically investigate antiferromagnetic (AF) spin fluctuations in impurity-doped high-Tc superconductivity. We assume a dx2-y2-wave superconductor with strong AF spin fluctuations, and take into account nonmagnetic impurities within the t-matrix approximation. In the clean system, the imaginary part of the AF spin susceptibility (Imχ(Q,ω)) is suppressed far below the excitation gap Eg = 2 × Max[Δp] (Δp: superconducting order parameter), while it has a peak slightly below Eg. On the other hand, in the presence of unitarity scatterers, it is shown that Imχ(Q,ω) far below Eg increases with decreasing temperature even in the superconducting state. As a result, at low temperatures, Imχ(Q,ω) has two peaks far and slightly below Eg as observed in Zn-doped YBa2Cu3O6.97. In addition, because of the enhancement of the low-energy AF spin fluctuations, the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate on Cu ((1/T1T)Cu) also increases at low temperatures in contrast to the case of the clean superconductivity. This result can explain the recent experiment on (1/T1T)Cu in Zn-doped YBa2Cu4O8.

AB - We theoretically investigate antiferromagnetic (AF) spin fluctuations in impurity-doped high-Tc superconductivity. We assume a dx2-y2-wave superconductor with strong AF spin fluctuations, and take into account nonmagnetic impurities within the t-matrix approximation. In the clean system, the imaginary part of the AF spin susceptibility (Imχ(Q,ω)) is suppressed far below the excitation gap Eg = 2 × Max[Δp] (Δp: superconducting order parameter), while it has a peak slightly below Eg. On the other hand, in the presence of unitarity scatterers, it is shown that Imχ(Q,ω) far below Eg increases with decreasing temperature even in the superconducting state. As a result, at low temperatures, Imχ(Q,ω) has two peaks far and slightly below Eg as observed in Zn-doped YBa2Cu3O6.97. In addition, because of the enhancement of the low-energy AF spin fluctuations, the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate on Cu ((1/T1T)Cu) also increases at low temperatures in contrast to the case of the clean superconductivity. This result can explain the recent experiment on (1/T1T)Cu in Zn-doped YBa2Cu4O8.

KW - Antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations

KW - High-T-superconductivity

KW - Nonmagnetic impurity effect

KW - Nuclear spin relaxation

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