Nontraditional family-related attitudes in Japan

Macro and micro determinants

Minja Kim Choe, Larry L. Bumpass, Noriko Tsuya, Ronald R. Rindfuss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Attitudinal data are commonly used to measure values, which in turn represent moral doctrines that are resistant to change and are the foundation for societal norms. This article examines changes in the attitudinal climate in Japan. Three national surveys (1994, 2000, and 2009) are used to examine a range of attitudes that measure a) the centrality of marriage and childbearing, b) nontraditional family behaviors, and c) gender roles in the work and family spheres. There is strong evidence of movement toward less-traditional attitudes during 1994-2000, followed by limited change in the 2000s. Period factors were paramount in the 1990s. Across the board, women hold less-traditional attitudes than men, and this difference has increased over time. Both engaging in nontraditional family behaviors (being married but remaining childless) and knowing someone who has engaged in nontraditional family behaviors (cohabitation) causally lead to holding nontraditional attitudes, suggesting mechanisms whereby changes in individual behavior can lead to changes in societal values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-271
Number of pages31
JournalPopulation and Development Review
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Japan
determinants
cohabitation
childbearing
gender role
marriage
doctrine
Values
climate
family
evidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Development

Cite this

Nontraditional family-related attitudes in Japan : Macro and micro determinants. / Choe, Minja Kim; Bumpass, Larry L.; Tsuya, Noriko; Rindfuss, Ronald R.

In: Population and Development Review, Vol. 40, No. 2, 2014, p. 241-271.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Choe, Minja Kim ; Bumpass, Larry L. ; Tsuya, Noriko ; Rindfuss, Ronald R. / Nontraditional family-related attitudes in Japan : Macro and micro determinants. In: Population and Development Review. 2014 ; Vol. 40, No. 2. pp. 241-271.
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